6.9 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Off Japan

Japan has raised the tsunami warnings issued later to a 7.4 magnitude earthquake hit its eastern coast. The earthquake struck near Fukushima at about 06:00 local time 21st November, prompting initial warnings of 3m (9.8ft) high waves. However, the waves that hit the coast were much lighter.

Thousands of locals were directed to evacuate the area and minor injuries were reported. In 2011, an earthquake and tsunami struck the area killing 18,000 people. It was one of the most powerful to be recorded ever, also it caused a meltdown at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, where a massive clean-up operation is still going on.

The US Geological Survey originally put the magnitude at 7.3 but later downgraded this to 6.9, lower than the number given by the Japanese authorities. The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) said that no tsunami damage is expected, though there may be small changes to the sea level. According to JMA, the latest tremor was an aftershock of the 2011 quake and depth of quake was estimated to be 30km (18.6 miles) on Monday. Japan Times said that the area was still generating at least an earthquake of 7.0 magnitude or more each year.

Strong tremors could be felt as far away as the capital, 100 miles south of Fukushima prefecture. Buildings in the capital shook for at least 30 seconds. The BBC’s Rupert Wingfield-Hayes in Tokyo says thousands of people have followed evacuation warnings and headed for higher ground.

Ships could be seen moving away from harbours in Fukushima prefecture and car manufacturer Nissan suspended work at its Fukushima engine factory.

 

 

 

Cognitive Psychology: Explanation and Theories

With the development of modern science, Cognitive Psychology has gained extensive acceptance in a short period of time. This branch of psychology deals with the way an individual process information. It is a complex process which requires the study of how we receive the information from the environment and then respond to it. Perception, attention, language, memory and thinking are the main factors of internal processes. Researchers study these factors and help access the information for a possible treatment. Cognitive psychology is helpful in eliminating the negative factors of emotional distress and behaviors.

In 1976, Ulric Neisser originated the context of Cognitive Psychology which emerged many intercessions that has ultimately advanced the Psychological field. Knowledge of human perception and behavior has facilitated people in many different fields as well. It majorly includes medicine, business and education.

Cognitive psychologists supports in achieving the goal of problem solving. The first step in this process is the identification of the issue. Once the problem is acknowledged, the individual will create a formulation plan that will help him achieve the objectives. This psychology helps you analyze and organize your priorities.

Four main features define every system of cognitive psychology. These include therapist and client relationship, psychological distress originates from mental errors, focusing on changes for betterment and psychological treatment to focus problems.

Cognitive Psychology features three main theories. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) was given by Albert Ellis. The theory aligns that a person creates his own psychological problems by misinterpretations. Eliminating negative emotions created by irrational beliefs is the main emphasis of this philosophy. REBT works on the framework of A-B-C. This means Activating event, Beliefs and Consequences. The theory can be understood by different examples.

The other main therapies are Aaron Beck’s cognitive therapy and Donald Meichenbaum’s cognitive behavior therapy. The main purpose of these theories is the eradication of negative behavior by altering the cognitive process.

The Social Perception on Simpsons

The exceptionally popular sitcom, “The Simpsons” is entertaining people for nearly 30 years. The animated series features the Simpsons, a typical American family living in a fictional town of Springfield of the United States.  The imaginary town is well-constructed and has all the major social institutions. The sitcom shows everyday problems and activities of the Simpsons family and other social interactions which is pretty interesting and hilarious.

With over 5 members in the Simpson’s family, Homer portrays a typical American dad who loves beer and watching TV. With a plump tummy and a balding head, Homer earns and supports the family and keeps getting into trouble. Marge Simpson is the wife of Homer and is a typical house wife. She raises the 3 children, Bart, Lisa and Maggie. Bart and Lisa are archetypal brother and sister who keeps fighting and have elementary school issues. Maggie is the toddler in the house. Like any other family, they have a dog and cat.

“The Simpsons” is not only entertaining, but it also depicts the common aspects of an American society. The physiognomies which are a part of life, of ordinary people. Including government, police or religion, the show also interprets the darker aspects which covers corruption, homosexuality or alcoholism. The reality based incidents are made hilarious for the lighter note.

The Simpsons” is an animated sitcom for all ages. Some people believe that the show is not for kids as it often include dark humor. Recently, the jokes of Simpsons are being highlighted as regards to prophecy of the real world. This happened when Donald Trump defeated Hilary Clinton in the Presidential Elections, the happening was already shown in one of the episodes of the sitcom. Several other jokes have also been accurate on a number of occasions. The director of “The Simpsons”, David Silverman, has regarded the debacle as just a coincidence. The 27th season of the sitcom is being aired currently.

Smart Phones Make Children Smarter

Digital technology has turned the world into global village. Not only people can gain access to the world information, but also they can interact with people at any part of the world. This has also made the children smarter, since they get the access of smartphones pretty frequently. Smartphones are given to children on various occasions which involves distraction from whining or crying and also to make the kids learn through educational videos. Whatever the reason, children knows how to operate the smartphones pretty smoothly.

Many believe that using smartphones can harm children in various ways. However, research reveals that exposure of smartphones allows children to be sharper. Playing games and watching intellectual videos can help in the development of children’s minds.

With over thousands of entertaining applications available for children, parents should select the applications based on content, context and the mental ability of their child. Educational videos like “Dora” helps the children in becoming more interactive. They learn by watching videos and it is also very engaging. It won’t be wrong if we say that smartphones have become the “most wanted” children’s toy. They attack and cry for the gadget whenever they see it. Their smartness level lies in the fact that even a 2 year old baby will pose for the camera and knows what a selfie is!

With the access of smartphones, pre-teens have become much more knowledgeable than the previous generations. They learn different languages, make friends all over the world and know about the latest trends of the world.

Parental guidance is necessary to limit unethical exposure. Content exposure of children under 11 should be viewed by the parents or guardians. Where there are several pros of the smartphones, cons are unlimited too. With smarter children, parents need to be extra cautious in order to save them from the evils of the world.

5 Ways How Canada Will Be Impacted By Trump

Canada and America’s years of harmonious relations might be in jeopardy as with the election of Donald Trump as the President of States. Canadians are stressed over how Trump’s campaign guarantees could resonate north of the border. Here are the key issues we need to consider:

Trade:

Donald Trump made U.S. trade plans a key issue in his campaign, and this issue could have the high impact on Canada after he becomes active president. The president-elect campaigned on a vow to force Canada and Mexico to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement, to give advantages to U.S. organizations.

Climate Change:

Hard-won advance in the battle against climate change will be drastically moved back if Trump adheres to his statement. Trump promised to back America out of the 2015 Paris arrangement, a historic worldwide climate treaty for controlling emanations and restricting worldwide temperature increments.

Economy:

Worldwide financial markets and stocks jerked early Wednesday on news that Trump had emerged as the winner. In any case, Trump’s long haul plan to support the U.S. economy — making 25 million employments and prodding development through tax breaks and infrastructure spending — could support Canada’s financial fortunes, as well, if the president-elect can get it going, said Craig Alexander, senior VP and chief economist at the Conference Board of Canada.

Border:

Trump pledges to construct a divider on the U.S.- Mexico border however dismisses a divider on the border with Canada as too long, excessively costly, and needless. However it’s unclear as of now if Trump administration will respect deals to guarantee a thinner and smoother border to the north.

Outside Policy:

Canada is re-drawing in with the United Nations on climate change, Syrian refugees and peace operations, right after Trump has flagged America is digging in to look after itself. Trump guaranteed to stem not only Mexican immigration but even to restrict Muslims from entering the U.S. He called Syrian refugees “Trojan horse” debilitating public safety America’s “quality of life.”

Why Trump Won?

Donald Trump built gave a supreme fight to the Republican primary opponents. Some like Ben Carson, Ted Cruz, Marco Rubio and even Chris Christie chuck up the sponge. The holdouts, like Jeb Bush and Ohio Governor John Kasich, are now on the outside of their party looking in.

Furthermore, for whatever is left for party insiders, from House Speaker Paul Ryan on down? Trump didn’t require their help – and, truth be told, may have won since he was eager to stand firm against them.

Mr Trump’s pox-on-them-all disposition has probably demonstrated his autonomy and outsider status when a great part of the American open censured Washington (despite the fact that it was insufficient to keep them from re-electing most congressional occupants running for re-election).

It was a state of mind some other national politicians noticed – Democrat Bernie Sanders, for example, and also Mr. Cruz. Nobody, be that as it may, caught it more than Trump, and it won him the White House.  Mr. Trump ran the most eccentric of political crusades, however it turned out he knew the best than the rest. He spent more on hats than on surveyors. He made trip to states like Wisconsin and Michigan that intellectuals said were out of reach.

He held amazing rallies as opposed to concentrating on door knocking and get-out-the-vote operations.

He had an incoherent, at times disordered national political convention that was topped by an acknowledgment speech which was more doom-and-gloom in US political history. He was incomprehensibly outspent by the Clinton campaign, as he was amid the Republican primaries. He turned consensus knowledge about how to win the presidency on its head.

These choices – and some more – were completely mocked in “educated” circles. At last, be that as it may, they worked. Donald Trump, his partners, friends and family will get to say that bottom line that too from the White House.

New York Marathon Results

In the most anticipated race of the year, Kenya’s local Mary Keitany made it her third consecutive win in the New York City Marathon that took place on Sunday, 10th November 2016. Keitany won by quite a margin, leaving the runner-ups out of sight of track, as she made it to the finishing line in just 2 hours 24 minutes and 26 seconds. She covered almost half of the track alone as she pulled ahead of her competitors before the 10 mile mark and then never looked back.

As for the men’s race, the trophy went to Ghirmay Ghebreslassie, a 20-year-old Eritrean. He is now the youngest winner in the history of the marathon. Ghirmay managed to pull away from a tight pack of three at 20 miles and covered rest of the track alone in just 2 hours 7 minutes and 51 seconds.

Following Ghebreslassie were Lucas Rotich of Kenya, Abdi Abdirahman – Somali-born American who is based in Arizona. The two finished the marathon at 2:08:53 and 2:11:23 respectively.

Keitany;s astonishing win with a huge margin made the race quite interesting as the runner ups strived for the second and third positions on the podium. Sally Kipyego – 2012 Olympic silver medalist and Molly Huddle – making her debut in marathon from United States finished at 2:28:01 and 2:28:13 respectively.

Keitany is the second woman to make a record for the most consecutive wins. The biggest record holder is Grete Waitz who won for five consecutive times from 1982 to 1986.

Keitany made it very clear to her rivals and all the bystanders that she was there to run as she crossed five boroughs by running alone. She is Kenya’s record holder with 2:18:37 and second-fastest runner in the history of marathon. However, Kenya dropped her this year from Olympics as she bumped into Jemima Sumgong in London Marathon at about five miles to the finish line and eventually failed to win. This mishap gave her much time to prepare for her fall race,

Ghebreslassie, who won the world championship in Beijing in 2015 at age 19, finished in fourth place at the Rio Olympics this year. He is the first Eritrean citizen to win the New York City Marathon; the Eritrean-born Meb Keflezighi has also won, but as an American citizen.

Gwen Jorgensen, who won gold in the triathlon at the Rio Olympics, finished in 14th in the women’s race, in 2:41:01.