How a government provides healthcare to its citizens varies from country to country and system to system. Healthcare provision is a challenging task due to the associated costs as well as the environmental, economic, political and social factors. The World Health Organization (WHO) is ultimately responsible for looking into healthcare issues around the globe and providing solutions. Experts found out some common contradictions that occurred when examining healthcare patterns around the world. These include:
- Inverse care: Most countries face the issue of inverse care, meaning that the rich have access to the best while the poor have access to little healthcare. Principally people with the most resources often face less health issues and need little care, while the financially weak people face more health issues and need greater support. Government spending on healthcare more than often benefits the rich more than the poor, in most countries today.
- Impoverishing care: Healthcare has been made so expensive in most countries that middle and lower income people face difficulties in meeting these expenses. Especially when the payments have to be made in cash, on delivery of a service, people find themselves bearing huge expenses and having little resources to meet them.
- Fragmented Care: Health care professionals specialize excessively nowadays. These specialized professionals carry high fees and thus are easily accessible by the rich or the affluent. For the lower income group of people, healthcare becomes a least preferable option because they cannot afford to go to the specialized healthcare providers or participate in disease control programs that have a narrow focus. These factors are fragmenting the healthcare system in countries with a wide gap between the upper and the lower income class.
- Unsafe care: Not following safety and hygiene standards at hospitals, clinics and other health related places, leads to acquiring unneeded health issues. People incur high rates of hospital acquired infections and medical errors that further contribute to ill health.
- Misdirected Care: Disease prevention programs and primary healthcare can help prevent up to 70% of the burden. However healthcare systems in most countries focus more on curative measures rather than on primary healthcare. Thus care is misdirected towards the more avoidable issues rather than focusing on prevention measures in the first place.
Although the right to healthcare is a basic right of every individual, the complex systems around the world have deprived the needy of his right. Nations spend massive amounts of resources trying to provide healthcare but still inequalities and loopholes exist that should be tackled in order to provide maximum support to those who need it.