The Trojan War – Fact or Myth

The Trojan War took place 3000 years ago in the time of the ancient Greeks. The war was between the city of Troy and the Greek city-states. Legend has it, that the three goddesses, Aphrodite, Athena and Hera had a dispute. They all proclaimed themselves as the most beautiful goddesses and they decided they would have a competition to find out who was the most beautiful. They selected Paris, the prince of Troy, as the judge.

All three of the goddesses decided they wanted to win the pageant even by prophecy. They all bribed Paris. Hera promised him the absolute rule over Europe and Asia, Athena offered to make him the bravest and wisest warrior in the world while Aphrodite offered him the most beautiful woman in the world that was Helen, the queen of Sparta.

The story of the Trojan War, as narrated in Homer’s Iliad, has for centuries been interpreted as a literal truth or as a legend based on a conflict that really did happen. Yet, it is still a mystery if the events of this story are true or not. It is very practical to believe that the great heroes, like Achilles, Odysseus, Aeneas, and the gods and goddesses were purely out of imagination, and perhaps just included in the story to enliven it. However, newly discovered details and facts from archaeological and historical discoveries suggest that not all this was a myth, and the story in Homer’s Iliad had some substantial basis after all.

Noted scholars and scientists, and also historical evidence from other ancient stories all point out that the Trojan War really did occur, except perhaps not with such splendor and glory as it does in the well-known legend of Troy.

A legend or a mythological story is always has some fictional parts to it, so naturally the legend of Troy is much different from what happened to the real city of Troy in Asia Minor. The historical siege of Troy according to the Homer’s legend, started with the kidnapping of Helen, wife of King Menelaus, ruler of the great city of Sparta whereas ended with the city of Troy burning in flames. It is still unknown, which events of the war were facts or myth.